As soon as you find out that you are “in position”, you should constantly remember that everything that you eat, your child also eats. Therefore, every expectant mother must control the quality of the food she uses.
The first month of pregnancy
At this time, you will have to completely forget about alcohol. Coffee lovers should also limit their consumption of this drink and its intake to 2-3 cups a day. Preferably not strong. In the first trimester of pregnancy, the baby’s central nervous system is laid. And for this, he needs to get enough folic acid (vitamin B9). Its lack can lead to the development of anaemia in the mother, and in the fetus – to various pathologies of the neural tube. The daily intake of folic acid for pregnant women is 600 mg. It is found in large quantities in legumes, beets, liver, fish, celery, spinach, nuts, asparagus.
The second month of pregnancy
About 30% of expectant mothers suffer from morning sickness. It was noticed that toxicosis manifests itself more often in women who consume little protein food. Eliminate fatty and abundant foods from your diet. Drink more often but in small portions. Drink plenty of fluids.
The third month of pregnancy
The daily intake of calcium for a pregnant woman is 1200 mg. This is the amount of calcium found in 1 liter of cow’s milk. But it is better not to consume whole milk, as it contains a large amount of protein that can lead to allergies. It is best to switch to fermented milk products: cottage cheese, yogurt, sour cream, kefir. Also, calcium is found in large quantities in greens, almonds, broccoli, cabbage and cheeses.
Fourth month of pregnancy
The daily diet of a pregnant woman should consist of 110 g of protein, 75 g of fat and 350 g of carbohydrates. Protein contributes to the creation of the placenta and the growth of uterine tissue. Proteins should be both animal (eggs, meat, fish, cheese) and vegetable (nuts, grains, broccoli).
Carbohydrates are an important source of energy for the baby and the mother-to-be. Eat more grains, vegetables, fruits, and raisins. Sitting on reduced diets (diets that exclude one of the components from the diet – protein, fats or carbohydrates) are strictly prohibited for pregnant women.
The fifth month of pregnancy
In order to exclude the development of anaemia, you should include foods rich in iron in the diet of a pregnant woman. These include turkey, prunes, liver, and legumes. For better absorption of iron, vitamin C is needed, which is found in large quantities in bell peppers, Brussels sprouts, rose hips, cherries, tomatoes and citrus fruits.
The sixth month of pregnancy
During pregnancy, hormones can lead to the relaxation of the smooth muscles of the intestine and lead to a violation of its motility. This is why many pregnant women suffer from constipation and bloating. Excessive consumption of foods such as black bread, legumes, grapes and sauerkraut can only make the situation worse. As a natural laxative, you can eat prunes, beets, and also drink plum juice.
The seventh month of pregnancy
With the raising of the fundus of the uterus, a stronger displacement of the digestive organs occurs. Large amounts of progesterone and estrogen relax the muscle valve that separates the oesophagus from the stomach. That is why heartburn is possible. In order to reduce this unpleasant feeling, cabbage, sour juices, radishes, garlic, radishes and onions should be excluded from the diet. Eat more alkaline foods such as cream, sour cream, cottage cheese, omelettes, butter, butter, and white bread.
The eighth month of pregnancy
During this time, many pregnant women go on maternity leave. Consequently, the body’s energy expenditure is reduced. Therefore, you should slightly reduce the calorie content of the food. Remember that the need for calories in pregnant women increases by only 300-500 calories per day. In the third trimester, the development of unpleasant sensations in the muscles of the legs is possible. It is caused by a deficiency of magnesium, calcium and potassium. To combat seizures, dairy products, dried apricots and bananas can be helpers.
The ninth month of pregnancy
By this time, your unborn child is already fully formed. That is why it is not recommended that the child go over the weight while still in the womb. Gingerbread, fried potatoes, cakes can all lead to problems during childbirth.